Originally published at The Indian Express, 24 October 2022. p.14. Published online as ‘Xi Jinping’s Congress: What are the implications for China, the world, and India?’ What are the main takeaways from the CPC Congress? The CPC’s 20th Congress underlined General Secretary Xi Jinping’s role not just as the core of the Central Committee but also …
Xi places great stress on the CPC in the vanguard role for China. Taken together with his calls for national ‘rejuvenation’, it would appear there is a turn towards greater authoritarianism and centralisation in China.
While India must continue its own defence modernization and engage in partnership and cooperation with the United States and with China’s neighbours, it must also simultaneously be willing to work with China’s leadership on a broad range of economic, political, military and social issues.
More than the challenges of political reforms, it appears the Communist Party of China fears a return to the populism and demagoguery of the Mao era.
The fifth generation of the CPC leadership in China faces severe domestic challenges, chief among them, widespread corruption, increasing inequality, rising unemployment and growing regional disparities.
Isn’t China, like India, a country of over a billion people? Who but Indians can really grasp the incredible complexities and myriad problems of a billion people living under one flag?
Most Indian political parties are non-democratic organizations functioning in a democracy. If a communist party in an authoritarian state realizes the need to innovate and hold intra-party elections, to choose the best leaders to put before the people, how much more must Indian political parties?
The 17th Party Congress of the Communist Party of China that took place in October 2007 was notable for the beginning of the transition to the so-called fifth generation of China’s leaders. It is important to analyze these leadership changes both for what they reveal about the Chinese domestic political system and for their possible impact on China’s external relations.