What does the election manifesto of the Bharatiya Janata Party say about China in national security terms?
What does the election manifesto of the Indian National Congress say about China in national security terms?
What does the exit of Bo Xilai say about the stability of the Chinese political system? And what lessons might be drawn for the Indian political system?
Most Indian political parties are non-democratic organizations functioning in a democracy. If a communist party in an authoritarian state realizes the need to innovate and hold intra-party elections, to choose the best leaders to put before the people, how much more must Indian political parties?
The impact of popular opinion on Sino-Indian relations has received particular attention in recent years. However, this is no phenomenon. In the run-up to the Sino-Indian conflict of 1962 and subsequently, popular feelings played an important role constraining the government’s freedom of action and in encouraging political players to make rash statements and promises.
A combination of the success of economic reforms in certain provinces and of coalition politics at the national level underwritten by strong regional parties is beginning to translate into a ‘decentralization’ of Indian foreign policymaking. Indian provinces and their leaders are increasingly vocal in their opinions on foreign policy and international affairs and their views are beginning to have an impact on how the centre makes its foreign policy calculations.