While India must continue its own defence modernization and engage in partnership and cooperation with the United States and with China’s neighbours, it must also simultaneously be willing to work with China’s leadership on a broad range of economic, political, military and social issues.
More than the challenges of political reforms, it appears the Communist Party of China fears a return to the populism and demagoguery of the Mao era.
The fifth generation of the CPC leadership in China faces severe domestic challenges, chief among them, widespread corruption, increasing inequality, rising unemployment and growing regional disparities.
The 17th Party Congress of the Communist Party of China that took place in October 2007 was notable for the beginning of the transition to the so-called fifth generation of China’s leaders. It is important to analyze these leadership changes both for what they reveal about the Chinese domestic political system and for their possible impact on China’s external relations.