While economic diplomacy is the mainstay, China’s maritime presence in the Middle East is also growing and together these support a clear and strong political message on China’s domestic and foreign policy interests that countries in the region are reluctant to contest.
While there is a clear case of Chinese double standards on terrorism, India has not helped its cause by failing to take a consistent position on the issue with China.
New Delhi should incentivize its border communities by believing in and building on their central role in history as entrepreneurs and diplomats.
India needs to give Ladakh greater agency in order to ensure that this region can function as its pivot to Central Asia and to challenge Chinese domination there.
India has ignored the possibilities that China offers as a pressure point on Pakistan
In the anti-terrorism struggle in South Asia involving China, Pakistan and India, Beijing scores off both its neighbours
why the Sino-Pak relationship is not all that it is cut out to be
While India must continue its own defence modernization and engage in partnership and cooperation with the United States and with China’s neighbours, it must also simultaneously be willing to work with China’s leadership on a broad range of economic, political, military and social issues.
Domestic instability in Pakistan, the continuing spread of religious radicalism from Pakistan into China, and threats to Chinese economic interests are conditions that would amplify the need for Beijing to take a sterner line with its “all-weather friend”. This could well be a serious dilemma confronting the Chinese leadership at some point in the near future.