Comparative Politics Foreign Policy Political Parties

China and National Security – the BJP’s 2019 Election Manifesto

For a party that claims to be the best defender of India’s national security interests, it is strange that the Bharatiya Janata Party does not have a separate dedicated document on the subject of national security like the Congress does.

The BJP’s election manifesto, ‘Sankalp Patra’, mentions China all of once – while referring to the Russia-India-China trilateral framework for multilateral cooperation in the same breath as the Japan-America-India trilateral.[1]

China, does, however, appear by implication in a number of instances

Foreign Policy War and Conflict

North Korea’s Nuclear Test: Regional Reactions and the Chinese Responsibility

A shorter version of this piece was published as Jabin T. Jacob, ‘North Korea hasn’t gone rogue. Nukes are its geo-political trump card’, Catch News, 16 January 2016.


Following North Korea’s fourth nuclear test since 2006,[1] the world led by the UN Security Council has condemned Pyongyang’s action.[2] The DPRK for its part blamed South Korea’s propaganda broadcasts in the Demilitarised Zone – which includes K-pop songs, by the way – and deployment of military assets, saying these were pushing the two countries to the ‘brink of war’.[3]

The UNSC’s resolutions since 2006 imposing and strengthening sanctions on North Korea for continuing to develop its nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles have however not been very effective, even if they have slowed down the pace of development of these programmes. This is because Pyongyang views nuclear weapons as a guarnator of its regime security. Given American efforts at regime change in West Asia, Pyongyang clearly sees nuclear weapons as the ace in its pack. The Americans reminded Kim Jong-un’s regime of that threat by flying a B-52 over South Korea in a joint response to the North Korean test. The bomber that took off from far-away Guam, can carry precision guided conventional ordnance as well as nuclear weapons.[4]

Borders Foreign Policy War and Conflict

Sino-Indian Military CBMs: Efficacy and Influences


India and China have yet to resolve their long-standing boundary dispute. But in recent years they have built a carefully crafted architecture of Confidence-Building Measures (CBMs) to prevent possibilities of any adverse developments along the disputed border. What is the state of current CBMs as perceived by leading experts from India and China? How have these held up to the pressures of recent years? Where do national perceptions merge or contend? What additional measures might be needed to strengthen those CBMs that already exist?

Mil CBMs-Banerjee-Jacob

Published as co-author with Dipankar Banerjee, ‘Sino-Indian Military CBMs: Efficacy and Influences’, in Dipankar Banerjee and Jabin T. Jacob, Military Confidence-Building and India-China Relations: Fighting Distrust (New Delhi: Pentagon Press, 2013), pp. 1-11.

War and Conflict

China and India’s Agni-V Missile Test

(original text in English follows below the Hindi text)

देश और इससे बाहर, पांच हजार किलोमीटर तक मार करने वाली अग्नि -5 मिसाइल के सफल परीक्षण की व्याख्या हो रही है। माना जा रहा है इसका निशाना चीन है। इस मिसाइल की सफल तैनाती से पूरा चीन भारत के परमाणु हथियारों की जद में आ जाएगा। मिसाइल के इस परीक्षण से देश के कुछ हलकों में एक उत्साह का माहौल दिखाई दे रहा है।

बहरहाल, कड़वा यथार्थ यही है कि परमाणु हथियार की क्षमता हासिल होने की थोड़ी सी भी सुगबुगाहट हो तो प्रतिस्पद्र्धियों हमला करने से विचलित हो जाते हैं। उत्तरी कोरिया और इसके अंतरराष्ट्रीय संबंध यह साबित करने के लिए काफी हैं। अगर पहले नहीं तो कम से 1998 तक तो भारत ने चीन के खिलाफ परमाणु क्षमता हासिल कर ही ली थी। हालांकि यह भी नहीं कहा जा सकता कि ऐसा नहीं होता तो चीन भारत के खिलाफ हमले की योजना बना डालता।