The Ladakh ‘Incursion’: Chinese Actions and Indian Lessons

Originally published as जबिन टी. जैकब, “चीनी घुसपैठ के सबक,” दैनिक जागरण (Dainik Jagran, New Delhi), 29 April 2013, p. 6.

Original English text follows the Hindi text.

पश्चिम क्षेत्र के देपसांग पठार में विवादित चीन-भारत सीमा पर चीनी सैनिकों की घुसपैठ से कुछ गंभीर सवाल उठते हैं। दोनों देशों के बीच विवादित क्षेत्र के बारे में भारतीय व चीनी नीतियां क्या कहती हैं, यह जानना जरूरी है। भारत और चीन के बीच नियंत्रण रेखा की वास्तविक स्थिति बड़ी उलझी हुई है। इस क्षेत्र में चीनी और भारतीय सेना साझा नियंत्रण रेखा पर सहमत नहीं हैं और न ही उन्होंने नक्शों का आदान-प्रदान किया है। इस अस्पष्ट स्थिति में ‘घुसपैठ’ तो होगी ही। इस प्रकार की घुसपैठ आम तौर पर होती रहती है और यह केवल चीन की ओर से ही नहीं, भारत की ओर से भी होती है। कुछ साल पहले तत्कालीन सैन्य प्रमुख जनरल दीपक कपूर ने इस प्रकार की घुसपैठ की स्वीकारोक्ति भी की थी। चीनी अधिकारियों के इस बयान को इसी आलोक में देखा जाना चाहिए कि उन्होंने भारतीय क्षेत्र में घुसपैठ नहीं की है। जहां तक चीनी पक्ष का संबंध है वे यही मानते हैं कि वे चीनी भूभाग पर हैं। Continue reading The Ladakh ‘Incursion’: Chinese Actions and Indian Lessons

Sino-Indian Boundary Dispute: Provinces/States as Ice-Breakers

Original Article: Jabin T. Jacob, “The Sino-Indian Boundary Dispute: Sub-National Units as Ice-Breakers,” Eurasia Border Review (Hokkaido University, Japan), Vol. 2, No. 1, Summer 2011, pp.35-45.

Abstract: Despite being among the fastest growing world economies, interactions between China and India remain limited owing to their unresolved boundary dispute. Tensions have grown over rapid military and infrastructure development by both countries along the disputed boundary but these developments can also be used as opportunities to encourage development in the relatively poor and underdeveloped provinces and countries along their disputed boundary. In this context, it is important to also understand domestic socioeconomic and political developments taking place in these border provinces how they might shape the future contours of the Sino-Indian boundary dispute and relations.

Given that in both China and India, years of prioritizing national security considerations over political accommodation and economic development in their provinces have not really led to the fulfillment of any national security objectives, the time has come to examine if prioritizing the latter set of considerations to the benefit of their border provinces can ensure peace and stability between China and India. The solution to both the political and economic discontent of Chinese and Indian provinces as well as the unresolved boundary dispute between the two countries could be to allow their provinces greater freedom to interact with each other in terms of people-to-people and economic contacts.

Read the full article here.

The Future of Kashmir: China and Kashmir

Originally published: Winter 2007-08

Extract: Perceptions about the People’s Republic of China’s position on Kashmir have long been associated with its “all-weather” friendship with Pakistan. However, the PRC’s positions on Kashmir have never been consistently pro-Pakistan, changing instead from disinterest in the 1950s to open support for the Pakistani position in the subsequent decades to greater neutrality in the 1980s and since. While China has continued military support to Pakistan even during military conflicts and near-conflicts between India and Pakistan, its stance on Kashmir has shifted gradually in response to the prevailing domestic, regional, and international situations.

Original Article: “The Future of Kashmir: China and Kashmir,” Swords and Ploughshares, ACDIS (University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign), Vol. XVI, No. 1, Winter 2007-8, pp. 19-21.