Despite being the host, India did not get a BRICS Declaration that accurately reflected its interests and values.
By refusing to engage with the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, India’s policymakers are letting go of opportunities to shape and influence events in its two largest neighbours
Asian nations, many of which got rid of imperialism only a few decades ago, will not want to replace Western dominance with Chinese political and economic hegemony.
Can the BRICS really be an effective, united and leading voice in the global economy? Is the BRICS grouping a challenge to the existing Western-dominated global order? The Fourth BRICS Summit that concluded in Delhi in late February has not quite answered these larger questions.
In the case of Russia-India-China trilateral, the domestic political orientation of each country contributes fundamentally to its perceptions and views of the objectives and functions of regional organizations.
Empty plaudits for multilateralism and championing a multi-polar world cannot hide the fact that New Delhi’s current method of engagement with China avoids the intense domestic public scrutiny that comes from a sustained high-level and exclusive dialogue with Beijing.
The decline of Western dominance, symbolized by the financial crisis in 2008 and the rise of emerging actors such as China, India and Brazil, will fundamentally change the way decisions are made at the international level. Apart from changing the way decisions are made, the rise of non-established powers such as India and Brazil on the one hand and China on the other, will also have an impact on the international discourse on political values and systems of governance.